Culture and History

Cultural Infrastructure

Anina culture bears the imprint of the special conditions of this area. In Becoming, it is the result of the interaction of culture and traditions and customs traditions heterogeneous population who worked and continue to work here. Since the founding of the village and until now, these lands have lived together Austrians, Czechs, Slovaks, Hungarians and Romanians in areas Oraviţa and Almăjului Valley. Later, after the Great Union of 1918 and in particular with the establishment of the socialist system began to come from other areas of the country Romanians to work in mining. The culture of these places was marked by factors specific to each ethnic segment of the population, each combining the features of a multiethnic culture. In the years of socialism has been a regression, a blur of specific cultural events, customs and traditions. Currently trying to rediscover and enhancement of the culture, regardless of its music, dance, costumes, literature, painting, photography, etc. One of the most important and enduring cultural associations in Anina, documented in 1865 but is probably much fanfare oldest city, founded as a band of miners. Over the years he attended numerous national cultural events, and has brought numerous awards which boasts Anina. The main cultural core of the city was developed at the Cultural House in Anina, built in 1920 and 2004 in the public domain Anina City Hall. Within it there are several cultural groups – artistic and cultural activities, as follows:

Folk orchestra “Doina Alder” – amateur orchestra which has around 9 instrumentalists and 11 singers. Rehearsals are Tuesday and Thursday around 2:00. Banat repertoire is inspired by folklore, but also from other areas of the country.
The club “Femina” – has around 35 members. They meet once a month and discusses various issues – on economic, cultural, scientific, health, etc.
Literary “Virgil Office” – which operates about 20 poets, novelists, essayists, journalists, all amateurs from Anina. It is being written and published a magazine of literature, art and culture “Arcadia”, chief editor – Michael Pepper. The magazine is published the writers own creations of local and county. They meet monthly circle meetings.
Painting class – which you operate Anina children from 5 to 14 years. Thematic exhibitions are organized according to different events. Circle comprises of 15 children. Instructor is Miss Dietlinde Krischer.
Circle Modern Dance and society – Enable around 35 people. They meet twice a week, on Saturdays and Sundays.
Singing Circle on 2 sections – pop music and folk music.
Regular performances are held complex, participant various activities described above. I attach the file containing the program of activities for 2007. The entire activity is coordinated by Mr. Michael Pepper, director of Culture in Anina.
The House of Culture has a library with over 13,000 volumes.
Work should not be overlooked Steierdorf German Democratic Forum – Anina which has as main objective the maintenance of cultural identity – artist of the German population from these lands. It operates in the Culture House in district Steierdorf property Anina City Hall public domain. Of formations cultural – artistic activities under FDG must be met:
– German folk dance band “Edelweiss Steierdorfer”
– Music band vocal – instrumental “Cordial” focused on all types of music: folk and light German, Romanian folk and light, party, modern, etc .; The band consists of four musicians and two vocalists. Rehearsals are usually once a week on Thursday, 3 hours.
– Circle of traditional crafts for children;
– A library with over 5,000 books, half in German.
In terms of spiritual life worth mentioning the Romanian Orthodox parish in Anina and the Steierdorf, Roman Catholic parishes in Anina and the Steierdorf Baptist Church and the Pentecostal Church Anina Anina.

History

June 24, 1773 – Austrian settlers first arrived families present territory of the town , establishing workers’ colony Steierer- Dorf later Steierdorf .
# 1786 – begin construction of the first Roman – Catholic Church and the first school in the village.
# 1790 – Mathias Hammer has discovered in Valea lui Andrei currently Sigismund , best quality coal .
# 1792 – start mining activity in Steierdorf – Anina .
# 1846 – Steierdorf Carbunari colony turned into a mining center .
# 1846 – 1847 – was built way Oravita – Steierdorf and work began on the road Steierdorf – Bozovici .

# 1846 – 1847 – arrived in town early Slovaks.
# 1851 – arrived in town early Czech (Bohemian)
# 1854 – Hall was built (now hotel) and Notary of Steierdorf
# 1854 – mines were taken over by the “imperial-royal Society (Cesarism- Craiasca) privileged Austrian State Railways”. It was started a recovery program and sideritelor complex underground coal, resulted in the construction of a large plant iron (steel mill) in Garlistei Valley, surrounded by forests of alders. This first appeared in 1858 called Colonia Anina.
# November 1, 1859 – the town receives the right to have its own administration. First elected mayor of the village was the main mining foreman – Franz Hirspeck. The new town was called Steierdorf.
# 1860 – begin construction of railways Steierdorf – Anina – Oravita. December 15, 1863 – was inaugurated standard gauge railway Steierdorf – Anina – Oravita.
# July 28th, 1880 – occurs most devastating fire in the history of the town.
# December 17, 1893 – The joint stock company founded Sommerfrische – climatic resort in Banat Steierdorf called Aurora which started on April 1, 1895 tourism activity.
# 1897 – is operated with steam power plant in the district Anina.
# 1904 – was built dam Buhui first artificial lake in Romania.
# September 7, 1913 – has opened a new hospital in Anina, the largest of those times in Banat Mountain.

# September 7, 1913 – has opened a new hospital in Anina, the largest of those times in Banat Mountain.
# 1914 – in Steierdorf – Anina public lighting is introduced.
# 7 June 1920 – the worst accident in the history of the Anina mine by then and at that time the entire history of Europe. There were 217 victims.
# 1952 – the place becomes a city status as the Anina, other colonies forming districts of the city.
# January 15, 1977 – begin construction on shale power plant on the site of Minis – Crivina.
# November 21, 1988 – is off the investment and the thermal production of electricity from Crivina.
# 1996 – begins the decline of mining, the mines closed one by one Anina.
# 2002 – The Cave with Bones, located Minis Valley, near Anina, three amateur speleologists have discovered the remains of Timisoara oldest modern humans who lived in Europe, with an age of 40,000 years.
# 2006 – explosion in underground – 6 victims – end Anina mining.

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